Chicago is known as the birthplace of modern architecture.
After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, many architects flocked to the city for
the opportunity to take part in the city's rebuilding efforts. One architect who came to Chicago to make a
name for himself was Frank Lloyd Wright.
Wright arrived in Chicago in 1887 and became a draftsman in Louis
Sullivan's firm, Adler and Sullivan, where he worked closely under Sullivan's
mentorship. Considered one of the founding fathers of the Prairie School of Architecture,
Wright was named the greatest American architect of all time by the American
Institute of Architects.
LLOYD WRIGHT BUILDINGS
Lloyd Wright Home & Studio (951 Chicago Ave., Oak Park, IL)
Completed in 1889, the Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio
is one of the most significant buildings in the history of American
architecture. It is important because Wright lived and worked there, using it
as a laboratory to develop a truly American design expression known as the
Prairie style. From this workshop, Wright designed and built approximately one
quarter of his life's work. Guided tours of the home and studio are available
year round through the Frank Lloyd
Robie House (5757 S. Woodlawn Ave., Chicago, IL)
Completed in 1910, Robie House is considered the
definitive example of Prairie-style architecture and also a masterpiece of
modern architecture. The American Institute of Architects designated the Robie
House as one of the 10 most significant structures of the 20th century. Located
in the Hyde Park neighborhood, it was designated a National Historic Landmark
in 1963, and is now a public museum operated by the Frank Lloyd Wright Trust. Guided interior tours for individuals and
groups are available through the Frank
Lloyd Wright Trust.
Temple (875 Lake St., Oak
Unity Temple is Frank Lloyd Wright's only surviving
public building from his Prairie-style period and was declared a National
Historic Landmark in 1970. Limited by a modest budget and an urban site, Wright
created a bold design and used unconventional materials to produce one of his
most significant accomplishments. Constructed of exposed, poured-in-place
reinforced concrete, Unity Temple was perhaps the first house of worship to be
built from a material reserved for factories and warehouses. Guided interior tours and self-guided tours
for individuals and groups are available through the Frank Lloyd Wright Trust.
The Rookery (209
S. LaSalle St., Chicago, IL)
In 1905, Wright was commissioned to remodel the light
court and lobbies of Daniel Burnham and John Root's 1888 Rookery Building in
the heart of Chicago's financial district.
Wright realized a stunning balance between Burnham & Root's
ornamental ironwork and his own vision to create a spectacular environment and
the result is one of his most dramatic interior compositions - a luminous and
brilliantly articulated central light court. Guided interior tours of the light
court for individuals and groups are available through the Frank Lloyd Wright Trust.
House (7415 N. Sheridan
Road, Chicago, IL)
Built in 1915, Wright's Bach House is a modification of
his design for "A Fireproof House for $5000," published in Ladies Home Journal
in 1907. The house was executed between Wright's return from Europe in 1911 and
his departure to Japan in 1916 to oversee construction of the Imperial Hotel.
In contrast to the expansive, open Prairie houses Wright designed prior to his
European sojourn, the Bach House is strongly centered and self-contained in its
geometry, efficient scale, and modern window designs. The Emil Bach House was placed on the U.S.
Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Guided tours for individuals and groups are available through the Frank Lloyd Wright Trust.
The Bach House is a unique property that offers guest
rooms on the second floor and indoor and outdoor event spaces for your special
occasion. For more information regarding
the guest rooms and special events visit www.emilbachhouse.com
or call 773-654-3959.
House Museum (1365 N.
Astor St., Chicago, IL)
The Charnley-Persky House, completed in 1892, has long
been recognized internationally as a pivotal work of modern architecture and stands
as evidence of the extraordinary power of Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright's
creativity in collaboration. With the Charnley House, Sullivan rejected the
historical details common to Victorian architecture in favor of abstract forms
that later became the hallmarks of modern architecture. It is a sign of
Sullivan's admiration for Wright that the senior architect allowed his
draftsman to become involved in the design process at all. The dramatic
interior of the house is symmetrical in plan and dominated by an atrium that
soars from the first floor hall to a skylight two floors above. The ornament
found throughout the interior and exterior of the building reflects both
Sullivan's love of sinuous plant forms intertwined with underlying geometric
forms and Wright's variations of these themes.
Guided tours for individuals and group are available through the Society of Architectural Historians.
Chicago Architecture Foundation Tours
The Chicago Architecture Foundation (CAF) is the leading
organization devoted to celebrating and promoting Chicago as a center of architectural
innovation and as such, CAF conducts numerous tours that focus on Frank Lloyd
Wright and the buildings he designed in Chicago. For bus tours, Frank Lloyd Wright in Oak Park is an extensive look at the
exteriors of a rich selection of Wright designed homes in the suburb of Chicago
he called home. CAF's Highlights by Bus will take tour
participants to the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago where they will explore
the interior of Robie House and learn the stories of three other Wright homes
in the neighborhood.
For individual buildings tours, the Chicago Architecture
Foundation offers a tour of the famed Rookery
Building, an 1888 Burnham & Root building in which, Frank Lloyd Wright
was commissioned to remodel the light court and lobbies in 1905. In addition,
The Rookery is on the itinerary of CAF's Historic
Downtown (South Loop) Rise of the Skyscaper tour. During the Fine Arts Building tour, discover a
treasure trove on Michigan Avenue and learn its development from a carriage
showroom to the high-profile artists colony that made its reputation with
tenants including Frank Lloyd Wright.
For group tours email@example.com or call 312.922.3432 ext. 226